A cataract is a cloudy area that forms in your eye’s lens. It is formed when your eye proteins clump together and prevent the exchange of clear images between the lens and retina. The retina is responsible for converting the light coming through the eye lens into signals. It then sends these signals to your optic nerve that takes them to your brain.
Cataracts progress quietly and slowly and eventually interfere with your vision. It is possible to have them in both eyes, although they form at different times. This condition is common among the elderly in the community.
You should see an eye doctor for cataracts if you experience the following wall signs:
There are several causes of cataracts, including:
Several types of cataracts exist, and they are classified according to the pace and manner they develop.
Although any person can develop cataracts, certain factors increase your susceptibility:
At Glendale Eye Medical Group, your cataract eye specialist in Glendale, CA, will examine your eye to check for any vision problems. They may also do an eye chart test to test your vision at various distances. For your eye pressure, tonometry will be used.
A typical tonometry test involves flattening your cornea and testing eye pressure using a puff of air. The doctor may also put drops in the eyes to dilate your pupils, making it easier to check for damages in the retina and cornea. They may also check your color perception and glare sensitivity.
Before resorting to surgery, there are different ways your doctor can manage your symptoms. They may recommend magnifying lenses, stronger eyeglasses, or sunglasses with anti-glare coating.
If your condition prevents you from going about your routine, it may be time to consider surgery. Your doctor may also recommend surgery if cataracts interfere with the treatment of other eye problems.
Phacoemulsification is one surgical procedure that involves using ultrasound waves to disintegrate the lens and extract the pieces. During extracapsular surgery, your doctor makes an incision in the cornea and removes the cloudy part of your lens. They then place an artificial intraocular lens in the position that was initially occupied by the natural lens.
If your cataracts need surgery, you shouldn’t be afraid as the procedure is safe, and the success rates are high. Besides, you can go back home soon after surgery.
The following tips will help lower the risk of developing cataracts: