Retinal Detachment: Symptoms And Treatment.

Retinal Detachment: Symptoms And Treatment.

May 01, 2021

The retina is a light-sensitive membrane located at the back of the eye on which when light passes through the eye, the lens focuses an image on your retina. The retina then converts the image to signals that it sends to your brain through the optic nerve.

Retinal detachment occurs when a thin layer of tissue known as the retina located at the back of the eye pulls away from its normal position. It is an ophthalmological emergency and the longer it goes untreated, the greater the risk of permanent vision loss in the affected eye.

What Are The Symptoms Of Retinal Detachment?

Retinal detachment symptoms may not be ominous at first, because it doesn’t present with pain. However, the presence of the following may indicate a torn retina:

  • Having a blurred vision
  • Having a partial vision loss
  • Sudden flashes of light upon looking sideways, known as photopsia.
  • A sudden vision of floaters, which are small bits of debris that appear as black flecks or strings floating before your eye. They can be very many seen.
  • Having a funny heavy feeling in the eye

When you notice one or more of these, you should contact an optometrist as fast as possible, to prevent complications and also vision loss. Search up the directory for a Glendale optometrist or search for a Retinal specialist in Glendale, CA.

Causes And Types Of Retinal Detachment. 

As written above that the retina is a light-sensitive membrane located at the back of the eye on which when light passes through the eye, the lens focuses an image on your retina. It works with the cornea, lens, and other parts of your eye and brain to produce normal vision. The retina then converts the image to signals that it sends to your brain through the optic nerve.

There are three types of retinal detachment:

Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment: 

This occurs when there is a break, tear, or hole in the retina. This hole then allows liquid to pass in from the vitreous space into the subretinal space between the sensory retina and the retinal pigment epithelium. The pigment epithelium is the pigmented cell layer just outside the neurosensory retina.

Tractional Retinal Detachment:

This happens when an injury, inflammation, or neovascularization causes the fibrovascular tissue to pull the sensory retina from the retinal pigment epithelium, resulting in a torn retina. This is a less common type of detachment that typically affects people with diabetes mellitus.

Exudative Retinal Detachment:

This is also known as secondary retinal detachment or serous retinal detachment. It happens when inflammation, vascular abnormalities, or injury cause fluid to build up under the retina. There is no hole, break, or tear. Examples of such vascular abnormalities include inflammatory disorders causing fluid accumulation behind the retina, cancer behind the retina, and Coats’ disease, which causes abnormal development in the blood vessels such that they leak proteins that build up behind the retina.

Who Is At Risk Of Getting A Retinal Tear?

The following factors are risk factors for retinal detachment:

  • Posterior vitreous detachment, which is common in older adults
  • Extreme nearsightedness, which causes more strain on the eye
  • A family history of retinal detachment
  • Eye trauma
  • Aged 50 years old and over
  • Having a prior history of retinal detachment
  • Complications from cataract-removal surgery
  • Diabetes mellitus.

Diagnosis And Treatment of Retinal Tears.

Retinal Specialists in Glendale, CA are swift and efficient in the emergent diagnosis and treatment of retinal detachments. They do this by firstly checking your vision, your eye pressure, the physical appearances of your eye and your ability to see colors, the ability of your retina to send impulses to your brain, and also the blood flow throughout your eye and specifically in your retina. If needed, an eye ultrasound may also be requested.

In most cases, especially severe ones, eye surgery is usually the best treatment. For mild cases, however, a simple procedure can be done, such as Photocoagulation, cryopexy, retinopexy, scleral buckling, and vitrectomy.

You must not forget to care, watch and watch over your eyes. Retinal detachment is painless, and may not be quickly detected. But once you have funny feelings in your eyes, visit the ophthalmologist ASAP.

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