Dry eye disease is a common problem occurring when your eyes cannot provide the lubrication needed by your eyes. Multiple reasons contribute to inadequate or unstable tears in your eyes. For example, the issue can occur if your eyes don’t produce sufficient tears or if the quality of the tears is poor. In addition, inflammation and damage to the eye’s surface result from tear instability.
You experience discomfort from this problem because your eyes might sting or burn. You might experience dry eyes in situations like taking a flight, in air-conditioned rooms, riding a bike, or concentrating on a computer screen for extended periods.
Treatment for dry eyes from a dry eye doctor near you can deliver the comfort you seek. The therapy might include lifestyle changes and eyedrops. However, it would help if you adopted the measures indefinitely to control dry eye symptoms.
The symptoms of dry eyes affecting both your eyes might include:
If you have prolonged symptoms of dry eyes mentioned above, you can help yourself by visiting our dry eye specialist in Glendale, CA, for assistance. The specialist takes steps to determine the reasons for the condition affecting your eyes.
Disruption in the healthy tear film in your eyes caused by multiple reasons is the primary cause of dry eyes. Your eye’s tear film has three layers: fatty oils, mucus, and aqueous liquid. A combination of the three is sufficient to keep the surface of your eyes clear, lubricated, and smooth. Issues with these layers cause dry eyes.
There are many reasons for tear film disruption. Autoimmune diseases, hormonal changes, inflamed eyelid glands, or allergic eye disease are some reasons responsible for the condition. Some people might experience dry eyes because of a reduction in tear production or increased evaporation.
Dry eyes occur when you cannot produce sufficient aqueous liquid, also called keratoconjunctivitis in the medical fraternity. Familiar reasons for reduced tear production include aging, medical conditions like allergic eye disease, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, thyroid disorders, and vitamin A deficiency.
Some medications such as antihistamines, hormone replacement therapy, antidepressants, decongestants, and medicines for high blood pressure, acne, birth control, and Parkinson’s disease are also responsible for dry eyes.
Contact lenses use causes corneal nerve de-sensitivity, and nerve damage caused by laser eye surgery results in temporary dry eyes.
Clogging of the meibomian glands results in increased tear evaporation, which is common in people with rosacea or other skin issues. The familiar reasons for increased tear evaporation include:
Eyelid problems causing the lids to turn inwards or outwards, eye allergies, wind, smoke, or air, vitamin A deficiency, and preservatives in topical eye drops are also reasons for tear evaporation.
When having dry eyes, you might experience complications like eye infections, damage to your eyes surface, and decreased quality of life. If left untreated severe dry eyes may result in eye inflammation, abrasion of the corneal surface, corneal ulcers, and loss of vision. Dry eyes can also make it challenging for you to complete activities like reading.
Glendale Eye Medical Group helps alleviate the symptoms of dry eyes for many patients in Glendale. Kindly schedule an appointment with our Glendale eye clinic to find relief from the condition affecting you today.